Agriculture and Fishery
Angola is the country that possesses the biggest cultivating land
surface and irrigated of Africa. Additionally it has a great
variety of climates favourable to the tropical and semitropical
cultures. The agrarian sector was, unhappily, one of the most affected
by the war, suffering a significant destruction from its production
infrastructures and its agro-industrial equipment. The whitewashing of
the agricultural sector is currently object of numerous programs of
development supported by the international community. The
reconstruction of infrastructures and the system of transports, as
well as the de-mining of the ways of access to the agricultural zones,
are essential conditions for recommencing the agricultural activity.
culture is the coffee, following by the sugar cane, the sisal, the
maize, the oil of coconut and the peanut. Among the commercial
cultures they are distinguished the cotton, the tobacco and the
rubber. The production of potato, rice, cacao and banana is relatively
important. The biggest flocks are the bovine, goat and the swine.
sector suffered a downfall after the independence, in 1975, but it has been
recuperating thanks to current investments. The industries of conserves
are being rehabilitated, new refrigerating warehouses are being
constructed and the fishing fleet is being renewed. The Angolan
maritime coast is extended for 1 650 km and figure enters
richest in fished of the African continent, having registered captures
of 600 thousand tons per year.
important sector is the industrial sector, which depends, to a large
extent, of the international cooperation. The textil Industry, still
suffering the consequences provoked by the abandonment of the culture
of the cotton, tries to be re-launched but it is needed important
The chemical industry produces, essentially, plastic soap, detergents,
inks, glues and, more recently, bottles. The production of
construction materials is important by the time by which the country
tries its reconstruction. It is a sector of franc growth, which depend
of investments for its recuperation.
Energy and Waters
Some actions are being developed in this sector, such as: the project
of water supply in the South-eastern Luanda; conclusion of the barrage
of Kapanda in the Province of Malange; rehabilitation of the group of
Matala in the Province of the Huíla; recovery of the thermal central
of Biopio in the Province of Benguela, installation of a central of
gas in the Province of Cabinda
In the sector of the Transports the destructions provoked by the war
had almost reached the totality of the park of heavy automobile, 80%
of railroad park and 20% of the park of aircraft. Most of the
extension of the roads was inoperative and of the about 2800 km of
railway line only 12% continues to be operating.
Various efforts has been done in order to rehabilitate this sector:
The Government approved various projects for the rehabilitation of
roads, mainly the ones with economic importance; also a big part of
the railway has been rehabilitated.